Grant Summary
Relevant Links:Astroturfs of Offense, 2021, a focused debate around the mechanics and aesthetics of contemporary crowds. What are the truths of crowds both "real" and "fake"? Who and what directs their flows? And what is the cost (and price) for the bodies that show up? Central to this discussion was "astroturfing" (i.e., the manufacturing of "grass roots") and its historical precedents.